www.ceepackaging.com twitter @ceepackaging www.facebook.com www.facebook.com In 1685 Charles II was succeeded by his Roman Catholic brother, James II and VII. He tried to impose religious tolerance of Roman Catholics and Protestant Dissenters, but antagonized many of the Anglican establishment by this action, as they were suspicious of Catholic power. Although these actions were widely unpopular, at first the majority of his subjects tolerated these acts because James was in his 50s and both of his daughters were committed Protestants. It seemed that James’ reign would be short and a the throne would soon return to Protestant hands. In 1688 however James’s young second wife Mary of Modena gave birth to a boy, Prince James who was promptly baptized a Roman Catholic. Baby James immediately supplanted his older half sisters as heir to the throne. Now the prospect of a Catholic dynasty on the English throne seemed all but certain. The “Immortal Seven” invited James’s daughter Mary and her husband William of Orange to depose James and jointly rule in his place. On 4 November 1688 William arrived at Torbay. The next day, James fled to France. In February 1689 the “Glorious Revolution” formally changed the monarch, but many Catholics, Episcopalians and Tory royalists still supported James as the constitutionally legitimate monarch. Scotland was slow to accept William. William and Mary were proclaimed at Edinburgh on 11 April 1689, then had their coronation in London in May

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